Theme Exposition


The theme for the Twelfth Session of the Ghana International Model United Nations (GIMUN 2021) is “Dealing with the Challenges of a Decade of Global Transformation”. This particular theme was carefully chosen to engage delegates to suggest ideas through which the world can achieve the 2030 goals of the United Nations (UN) by the next decade. Generally, global transformation is accompanied by challenges especially in our decade and next, therefore, delegates will discuss measures and strategies that could be used in different ways to achieve these set goals.

In order to better understand the theme, keywords must be defined. The keywords are, Challenge, Globalization, Transformation and Global Transformation.

The word ‘challenge’ according to the Collins Dictionary, refers to something new and difficult which require great effort and determination. We cannot talk about global transformation without also defining ‘Globalization’. Globalization is used to describe the growing interdependence of the world’s economies, cultures and populations, brought about by cross-border trade in goods and services, technology, and flows of investment, people, and information. Generally speaking, in order to solve a challenge, one needs to put in a required amount of effort to produce a global transformation.

Transformation, in an organisational context, refers to a process of profound and radical change that orients an organisation in a new direction and takes it to an entirely different level of effectiveness. Linking this definition to our context, transformation can refer to the process of profound radical change orienting the world in a new direction, taking it to be an entirely different level of effectiveness.

The concept of global transformation first appeared in the works of French and American writers in 19th century which has now worked its way into this generation. That is to say, global transformation has been a necessity for many in the world. Global Transformation, according to some selected literature, is a process of real change in the economic, political and cultural organisation at the regional as well as global levels. This is why the UN set up goals, known as the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), to foster global transformation.

The theme in simpler terms would mean, how to identify and solve major global challenges through a profound and radical change in order to achieve all 17 SDGs by the year 2030. The SDGs, adopted by the UN require innovative ideas and actions towards its achievements. However, there are several challenges as well as difficulties related to this achievement which needs to be tackled. Dealing with the challenges associated with global transformation then becomes crucial and urgent.

It can be said that with just 10 years to go, an ambitious global effort is underway to deliver the 2030 promise by mobilizing more governments, civil society, businesses and calling on all people to make the Global Goals their own. However, today, many places are progressing, but, generally, the required amount of action needed to meet these goals is not yet advancing the speed or scale required. This decade of global transformation calls for the acceleration of sustainable solutions to all the world’s biggest challenges, ranging from poverty and gender to climate change, inequality and closing the finance gap. For example, although eradicating poverty in all its forms and dimensions, particularly extreme poverty, remains the greatest global challenge, it is an indispensable requirement for sustainable development.

One of the obvious facts about poverty is the fact that it is experienced by every country in the world. This makes the issue of poverty a global challenge that is not just experienced by the developing (Third World) countries but also by very developed countries. This means that the challenge and fight against poverty is an issue that needs global consciousness and active engagement in responding to the issue.

As the world moves, uncertainties tumble in which can in its own way create global challenges. A vivid example is the Coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) which emerged in the year 2019. The virus was declared a pandemic and affected every single country on the planet, leading to a halt in economic growth in almost everywhere since most countries were lockdown.  Indirectly, these global disasters such as pandemics, natural disasters, etc., disturb progress. With the pandemic, the UN had to drift their attention from attaining the SDGs to focusing on finding the vaccine or cure to it. Nations became reactive rather than proactive. Therefore, it could also be said that being proactive is key to dealing with challenges.

Of course, there are other major global challenges that need to be looked at, and that is why through carefully tailored committees topics, participants of GIMUN 2021 will discuss various agenda in relation to how the Sustainable Development Goals could be achieved by 2030.

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