Model United Nations (also Model UN or MUN) is an academic simulation of the United Nations that aims to educate participants about current events, topics in international relations, diplomacy and the United Nations agenda. The participants (known as delegates) role-play as diplomats representing a country or an international non-governmental organization in a simulated session of a committee of the United Nations, such as the Security Council or the General Assembly. Participants research about a country, take on roles as diplomats, investigate international issues, debate, deliberate, consult, and then develop solutions to world problems. The delegates prepare draft resolutions, plot strategy, negotiate with supporters and adversaries, resolve conflicts, and navigate the UN’s rules of procedure-all in the interest of mobilizing “international cooperation” to resolve problems that affect almost every country on the globe. Model UN delegates also look closely at the needs, aspirations, and foreign policy of the country they will “represent”. Model UNers learn how the international community acts on its concerns about peace and security, human rights, the environment, food and hunger, economic development, globalization and more. The sessions of the committees are led by chairs and co-chairs whiles the General Assembly is led by the presiding officer (President of General Assembly)
The relevance of grooming the leaders of tomorrow’s world can never be emphasized enough and this is perfectly captured in a well-known African proverb which says that “If corn eyes would grow big, it starts at germination”. If the youth of today are next in line to steer the affairs of our world tomorrow, then their journey to successful leadership starts today, not tomorrow. This can only be achieved through the right training of the youth in global issues and no other body, than the United Nations offers the stage for the discussion of issues affecting the globe – from north to south, east to west. It is very important that the capacity of young people is built so that when they get the opportunity to lead nations and international bodies, they can serve their people better. Capacity Development is a conceptual approach to development that focuses on understanding the obstacles that inhibit individuals and institutions from realizing their developmental goals while enhancing the abilities that will allow them to achieve measurable and sustainable results. It can also be viewed by a conscious effort in ensuring that innate potential for growth, development, or accomplishment is achieved. The measures put in place to ensure that people fully make use of the power given them by their maker to the benefit of themselves and others is what capacity development players like GIMUN consider. Capacity development often focuses on strengthening the skills, competencies and abilities of people and communities to exercise their rights and responsibilities and improve their lives and communities through advocacy, negotiation and cooperative action.
Former UN Secretary-General, Kofi A. Annan, described the United Nations as the only truly universal body in which the states of the world, and the peoples they represent, can come together to meet the challenges of our time. Over the years, this has been proven to be true.
The United Nations on countless occasions has been the unifying platform on which nations have joined forces to fight the ills of our time
It is therefore in the right direction, that Model United Nations are organized across the globe to offer the youth the opportunity to play roles as ambassadors from United Nation states to debate on current global issues on the United Nation’s agenda and to ultimately cultivate the prerequisite skills to develop the world in which we live for the better. The GIMUN is one of the many MUN groups across the globe.
It is registered as a Limited Liability Company by Guarantee under the laws of Ghana. It is a non-political organization and highly frowns on all forms of discrimination. This is the group in charge of Ghana International Model UN in the country.
The Ghana International Model United Nations Conference is Ghana’s first ever tertiary level Model United Nations conference. It was first organized from the 19th – 20th of March, 2010. GIMUN over the years has had the primary mandate of developing the capacities of young people for global assignments. Through our educational conferences and seminars, we have enhanced the interest of many young people in global issues and created the platform for them to deliberate and find solutions to these issues. We have imbibed in these young people also, the necessary skills required for international relations. GIMUN has also created a unique platform for our delegates to enlarge their friendship and network base whiles giving them access to information about many more UN events and activities. Since its inception, many United Nations General Assembly Committees and Specialized Bodies have been simulated to discuss issues on the Millennium Development Goals(MDGs) and now, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Our officials and delegates have also had the chance to further enhance their skills in international affairs by participating in other Model United Nations conferences around the globe. We have benefited from Training Workshop for Model UN groups by the UN at its Headquarters in New York, United States of America and in Japan. More Memoranda of Understanding (MOUs) are currently being signed to enable more of our delegates participate in other international conferences as part of the GIMUN Educational Exchange Programme(GEEP).
Since its inception, about five thousand (5,000) young people from across the globe have met to discuss some of the world’s toughest challenges whiles valuable skills such as leadership skills, researching and debating skills; writing and reading skills; public speaking and listening skills; lobbying and negotiation skills, were enhanced. The new operational direction of GIMUN enables our delegates to do more activities after the simulation exercises which are being organized annually. Throughout the year, advocacy and charitable projects and programs are organized. It enables our delegates to learn more beyond what happens at the conference grounds. Preparing press statements on pressing issues; organizing human empowerment workshops for other targeted groups; preparing cases to court on human right issues; and giving alms; and other forms of volunteerism to the needy in our society gives our delegates and officials more opportunity to do what the real UN does.
GIMUN recognizes that education is an ongoing process and we will continue to learn as much from our partners as they learn from us. In this way, GIMUN will build its own capacity to implement programs in the most effective way possible.